On December 4, Italians will vote yes or no in the referendum on constitutional reform desired by Prime Minister Matteo Renzi. If Italians will approve the reform, 47 articles of the constitution will be amended. In particular The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate will no longer have perfectly identical powers. The Chamber of Deputies will remain intact in both its present composition and functions and it will be the only branch of Parliament granting or withdrawing support to governments. The Senate instead will be roughly a third of its current size (from 315 elected members currently to 95), and will represent Regions and Municipalities. The outcome of the vote will be decisive for the fate of Renzi government. The opposition parties want Renzi’s resignation, in the event of a defeat. But the resignation could cause great political uncertainty with unpredictable outcomes.
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