Sicily is the Italian region which surely was more contaminated by the many cultures of the peoples who came here over the centuries. Cefalù is the city symbol of this cultural melting-pot. It was conquered by many peoples, who left their mark. Cefalù is located in the northern coast of Sicily, about 70 km from Palermo. The Greeks founded it. They gave it this name because of its location at the foot of a steep rock: Κεφαλή in greek means head.
In later centuries Cefalù was conquered by the Syracusans, by the Romans, by the Arabs and by the Normans, who in 1131 began building the Duomo (the Cathedral). According to legend, Roger II survived a storm and landed on the beach of Cefalù. Following this incident, he wanted to build a Cathedral dedicated to St. Saviour (San Salvatore). The Cathedral is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
In the 18th century the city became one of the Grand Tour destination. The story of Cefalù is a proof of the positive influence of cultural diversity.